Essence and Personality

The idea of our true nature as Essence Self, -as being our true Self, and personality, as the False Self , is important in understanding how we approach Enneagram typology.

“It must be understood that man consists of two parts: essence and personality. Essence in man is what is his own . Personality in man is what is ‘not his own.’ ‘Not his own’ means what has come from outside, what he has learned, or reflects, all traces of exterior impressions left in the memory and in sensations, all words and movements that have been learned, all feelings created by imitation-all this is ‘not his own’, all this is personality.” (page 161 ISM)

For Gurdjieff,  personality is not a single “I”, but many “I’s” 

“Man has no individuality. He has no single big I. Man is divided into a multiplicity of small I’s”....each separate small  I is able to call itself by the name of the Whole, to act in the name of the Whole, to agree or disagree, to give promises, to make decisions, with which another  I or Whole will have to deal. This explains why people so often make decisions and so seldom carry them out” ”.
(ISM page 60)

Modern Science Perspectives: May 2010

Daily Mail  article: February 2013 “It appears the mind regards a doorway as something experts call an ‘event boundary’, signalling the end of one memory episode and the beginning of another.

Psychologists found the brain tends to file away events and memories from one room as soon as it exits into another, storing information in successive chapters or episodes.   The latest research, published in the Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, shows doorways act as a kind of trigger for the brain to file one chapter and move on to the next one.” Walking through doorways causes forgetting: Further explorations

Gabriel A. Radvanskya*, Sabine A. Krawietza & Andrea K. Tamplina
A modern interpretation and psychological principle has been identified  through 2011 research.

“Previous research using virtual environments has revealed a location-updating effect in which there is a decline in memory when people move from one location to another. Here we assess whether this effect reflects the influence of the experienced context, in terms of the degree of immersion of a person in an environment, as suggested by some work in spatial cognition, or by a shift in context. “

Online Ref:

“In order to know one’s type one must make a good study of one’s life,  one’s whole life from the very beginning; one must know why, and how, things have happened.”
(page 247 - In Search of the Miraculous)

“Man is plurality. Man’s name is legion”
page 59 ISM